Junctional rhythm ECG is a type of cardiac rhythm disturbance that can be seen on an electrocardiogram (ECG). It occurs when the conduction system of the heart malfunctions, and can lead to serious complications if left untreated.
1. Causes of Junctional Rhythm ECG:
Junctional rhythm ECG is caused by a disruption in the normal electrical conduction system of the heart. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including coronary artery disease, trauma or surgery to the heart, certain medications or toxins affecting cardiac functioning, and electrolyte imbalances.
2. Symptoms of Junctional Rhythm ECG:
The symptoms of junctional rhythm ECG depend on its severity and the underlying cause. Generally, patients may experience bradycardia (a slow heartbeat), palpitations (the sensation that their heart is jumping or racing out of control), lightheadedness, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath and fatigue. In some cases, junctional rhythm can lead to cardiac arrest.
3. Diagnosis of Junctional Rhythm ECG:
To diagnose junctional rhythm ECG, a doctor will begin by asking the patient about any symptoms they may be experiencing and taking their medical history. The doctor will then conduct an electrocardiogram (ECG) test to measure the electrical activity in the heart and determine if there is evidence of a junctional rhythm. Additional tests may include blood work to check for electrolyte imbalances or other abnormalities, echocardiogram to evaluate heart function and structure, stress testing, coronary angiography or other imaging tests.
Junctional rhythm ECG is an abnormal heart rhythm that may indicate underlying medical conditions and should be treated by a medical professional. Diagnosis involves taking the patient’s medical history, performing an electrocardiogram (ECG) test, and conducting additional tests to identify any other possible causes. Treatment typically includes lifestyle changes, medications, or procedures such as pacemaker implantation. As with all cardiac arrhythmias, it is important to discuss any symptoms with your doctor as soon as possible so that appropriate treatment can be prescribed.